Names of Angels?

Discussion in 'Angel And Demons Research' started by webmaster, Oct 24, 2004.

  1. webmaster

    webmaster Administrator Staff Member

    Abaddon (Abbadon, the "destroyer")
    -the Hebrew name for the Greek Apollyon, "angel of the bottomless pit," as in Revelation 9:10; and the angel (or star) that binds Satan for 1000 years, as in Revelation 20. A reference to Abaddon's "hooked wings" occurs in Francis Thompson's poem "To the English Martyrs." Abaddon has also been identified as the angel of death and destruction, demon of the abyss, and chief of demons of the underworld hierarchy where he is equated with Samael or Satan

    Anael (Haniel, Hamiel, Onoel, Ariel, etc.)
    -one of the 7 angels of Creation, chief of principalities, prince of archangels, and ruler of the Friday angels. Anael exercises dominion over the planet Venus, is one of the luminaries concerned with human sexuality, and is governor of the 2nd Heaven, where he is in charge of prayer ascending from the 1st Heaven.

    Angel (Hebrew, "malakh")
    -the word derives from angiras (Sanskrit), a divine spirit; from the Persian angaros, a courier; from the Greek angelos, meaning a messenger. In Arabic the word is malak ( a Jewish loan word.) In popular usage an angel denotes, generally, a supernatural being intermediate between God and man (the Greek "daimon" being a closer approximation to our notion of angel than angelos). In early Christian and pre Christian days, the term angel and daimon (or demon) were interchangeable, as in the writings of Paul and John. The Hebrews drew their idea of angels from the Persians and from the Babylonians during the Captivity.

    -the term archangel applies generically to all angels above the grade of (the order of) angels; it also serves to designate a specific rank of angels in the celestial hierarchy.

    -in ceremonial magic, the angel with dominion over the month of April. He is also ruler of the zodiacal sign of Taurus. Formerly, Asmodel was one of the chiefs of the order of cherubim. He is now a demon of punishment. The cabala includes him among the 10 evil sefiroth.

    Asmodeus ("creature of judgment")
    -the name is derived from ashma daeva. Asmodeus is a Persian rather than a Jewish devil; however, incorporated into Jewish lore, he is there regarded as an evil spirit.

    Assiah (Asiyah)
    -in cabalistic cosmology, one of the lowest of the 4 worlds, "the world of making," or the world of action, the world of Oliphoth, that is the world of shells or demons.

    Astaroth (Asteroth)
    -once a seraph, Astaroth is now according to Waite, The Lemegeton, a great duke in the infernal regions. There he "discourses willingly on the fall [of the angels] but pretends that he himself was exempt from their lapse. "When Astaroth is invoked, he manifests as a beautiful angel astride a dragon carrying a viper in his right hand."

    Astarte (Ashteroth, Ashtorreth, Ishtar-Venus, etc.)
    -chief female deity of the ancient Phoenicians, Syrians, Carthaginians. Astarte was a Syrian moon goddess of fertility. AS Ashteroth she was worshipped by the Jews in times when idolatry was prevalent in Palestine.

    Atziluth (Atsiluth)
    -in cabalistic cosmogony, the world of emanation, i.e., highest of the 4 worlds, the residence of God and the superior angels.

    Barchiel (Barakiel, Barachiel, Barkiel, etc-"lightning of God")
    -one of the 7 archangels, one of the 4 ruling seraphim, angel of the month of February, and prince of the 2nd Heaven as well as the order of confessors. Ruler of the planet Jupiter and the zodiacal sign of Scorpio and Pisces.

    Barbiel (Barbuel, Baruel)
    -once a prince of the order of the vritues and of the order of archangels. In the underworld, Barbiel serves as one of the 7 Electors, underthe suzerainty of Zaphiel.

    -a great archon (female) "perfecdt in glory and near in rank to the Father-of-All." She is the consort of Cosmocrator. In the Texts of the Saviour, she is the daughter of Pistis Sohpia, precreator of the superior angels

    Beelzebub (Beelzeboul, Baalsebul, etc. "god of flies")
    -originally a Syrian god, Beelzebub is in II Kings 1:3, a god of Ekron in Philistia. In the cabala, he is chief of the 9 evil hierarchies of the underworld. In Matthew 10:25, Mark 3:22, and Luke 40:15, Beelzebub is chief of the demons, "prince of the devils", but he is to be distinguished from Satan.

    Belial (Beliar or Berial)
    -in Jacobus de Teramo, Das Buch Belieil, this greater fallen angel, often equated with Satan, is pictured presenting his credentials to Solomon, also as dancing before the Hebrew King. The term "beliar" meaning "worthlessness" is interchangeable, in most sources with Belial

    Cherubim (Kerubim)
    -in name as well as in concept, the cherubim are Assyrian or Akkadian in origin. The word, in Akkadian, is karibu and means "one who prays" or "one who intercedes," although Dionysius declared the word to mean knowledge.

    Dominations (dominions, lords, lordships)
    -in the Dionysian scheme, the dominations rank 4th in the celestial hierarchy.

    Dubbiel (Dubiel, Dobiel-"bear-god")
    -guardian angel of Persia and one of the special accusers of Israel. It is rumored that Dubbiel officiated in Heaven for 21 days as proxy for Gabriel when the latter (over whom Dubbiel scored a victory) was in temporary disgrace. In the light of the legend that all 70 or 72 tutelary angels of nations (except Michael, protector of Israel) became corrupted through national bias, Dubbiel must be regarded corrupt and an evil angel, a demon.

    -house of the foundation of Heaven and earth, composed of six gigantic steps. Rawlinson places the tower on the ruins of Tell-Amram, regarded by Oppert as the remnants of the hanging gardens. These ruins are situated on the same side of the Euphrates as those of the Babil, and also within the ancient city limits. The excavations of the German Orientgesellschaft have laid bare on this spot the ancient national sanctuary Esagila, sacred to Marduk-Bel, with the documentary testimony that the top of the building had been made to reach Heaven.

    Gabriel ("God is my strength")
    -one of the 2 highest ranking angels in Judeo-Christian and Mohammedan religious lore. He is the angel of annunciation, resurrection, mercy, vengeance, death, revelation. Apart from Michael, he is the only angel mentioned by name in the Old Testament. Gabriel presides over Paradise, and although he is the ruling prince of the 1st Heaven, he is said to sit on the left-handed side of God.

    Grigori (egoroi, egregori, "watchers")
    -in Jewish legendary lore, the grigori are a superior order of angels in both the 2nd and 5th Heavens (depending on whether they are the holy or the unholy ones). They resemble men in appearance, but are taller than giants, and are eternally silent.

    Jibril (Jabriel, Jabril, Jibra'il, Jabriyel, Abruel)
    -the name of Gabriel in Koranic Scripture. As Jibra'il in Arabic rites of exorcism, he is regarded as a guardian angel.

    Laila(h) (Lelieil, Lailahel, Layla)
    -the name is said to derive from a rabbinic exegesis of the word "lailah" (meaning night) in Job 3:3. In Jewish legendary lore, Lailah is a demonic angel of night, the "prince of conception," to be compared with Lilith, demoness of conception.

    Leviathan (Hebrew, "that which gathers itself together in folds")
    -in the Enoch parables, Leviathan is the primitive female sea dragon and monster of evil; in rabbinic writings, she (or he) is identified with Rahab, angel of the primordial deep, and associated with Behemoth. Both Leviathan and Behemoth are said to have been created on the 5th day. In Biblical lore (Job 41:1) Leviathan is the great whale.

    Lucifer ("light giver")
    -erroneously equated with the fallen angel (Satan) due to a misreading of Isaiah 14:12: "How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning," an apostrophe which applied to Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon.

    Mammon (Aramaic, "riches")
    -in occult lore, a fallen angel now ruling Hell s one of the arch demons and prince of tempers. He is equated with Lucifer, Satan, Beelzebub, and even with Nebuchadnezzar. Mammon is the demon of avarice. He "hold the throne of this world," as St. Francesca observed in one of her 93 visions.

    -equated with Soter, Christ, Savior, God. With Metatron, Messiah is designated a cherub and guardian angel of Eden armed with a flaming sword. He is also the angel of the Great Council, angel of the Lord, a sefira in the Briatic world (one of the 4 worlds of creation) and analogous to the Logos or Holy Ghost.

    Metatron (Metattron, Mittron, Metaraon, Merraton, etc.)
    -in non canonical writings, Metatron is perhaps the greatest of all the heavenly hierarchies, the 1st (as also the last) of the 10 archangels of the Briatic world. He has been called king of angels, prince of the divine face or presence, chancellor of Heaven, angel of the covenant, chief of the ministering angels, and the lesser YHWH (the tetragrammaton). He is charged with the sustenance of mankind.

    Michael ("who is as God")
    -in Biblical and post Biblical lore, Michael ranks as the greatest of all angels, whether in Jewish, Christian, or Islamic writings, secular or religious. He derives originally from the Chaldeans by whom he was worshipped as something of a god. He is chief of the order of virtues, chief of archangels, prince of the presence, angel of repentance, righteousness, mercy, and sanctification; also ruler of the 4th Heaven, tutelary sar (angelic prince) of Israel, guardian of Jacob, conqueror of Satan (bearing in mind, however, that Satan is still very much around and unvanquished).

    Powers (potentates, authorities, dynamis)
    -the Septuagint first applied the term powers (dynamis) to an angelic order, equivalent to the Greek concept of the Lord's Hosts. Dionysius placed the powers 3rd in the 2nd triad of the celestial hierarchy; he eqauated the powers (incorrectly) with the seraphim.

    Raphael ("God has healed")
    -of Chaldean origin, originally called Labbiel. Raphael is one of 3 great angels in post Biblical lore. He first appears in The Book of Tobit (a work external to the Hebrew canon, apocryphal in Protestant Scripture, canonical in Catholic).

    Raziel ("secret of God," "angel of mysteries"-Ratziel, Akraasiel, Gallizur, Saraqael, Suriel, etc.)
    -the "angel of the secret regions and the chief of the Supreme Mysteries." In the cabala, Raziel is the personification of Cochma (divine wisdom), 2nd of the 10 holy sefiroth. In rabbinic lore, Raziel is the legendary author of The Book of the Angel Raziel (Sefer Raziel), "where in all celestial and earthly knowledge is set down."

    Sandalphon (Sandolphon, Sandolfon-Greek, "co-brother")
    -originally the prophet Elias (Elijah). In rabbinic lore, Sandalphon is one of the great sarim (angelic princes), twin brother of Metatron, master (hazzan) of heavenly song.

    Sariel (Suriel, Zerachiel, Sarakiel, Uriel, etc.)
    -one of the 7 archangels originally listed in the Enoch books as Saraqel and differentiated from Uriel, although Sariel is identified as Uriel in T. Gaster, Dead Sea Scriptures. Sariel is cited both as a holy angel and a fallen one. In occultism he is one of the 9 angels of the summer equinox and is effective as an amulet against the evil eye

    -the Hebrew meaning of the word is "adversary." In Numbers 22:22 the angel of the Lord stands against Ballam "for an adversary" (satan). In other Old Testament books (Job, I Chronicles, Psalms, Zechariah) the term likewise designates an office; and the angel investing that office is not apostate or fallen. He becomes such starting in early New Testament times and writings, when he emerges as Satan (capital S) , the prince of evil and enemy of God, and is characterized by such titles as "prince of this world" (John 16:11) and "prince of the power of the air" (Ephesians 2:2). Other names for Satan include Mastema, Beliar or Beliel, Duma, Gadreel, Azazel, Sammael, angel of Edom.

    Seraphim (plural for seraph)
    -the highest order of angels in the psuedo-Dionysian hierarchic scheme and generally also in Jewish lore. The seraphim surround the throne of Glory and unceasingly intone the trisagion ("holy, holy, holy"). They are the angels of love, of light, and of fire.

    Seven Heavens
    -in Hebrew terms and lore, the 7 Heavens are designated as follows along with their governing angels: 1. Shamayim, ruled over by Gabriel; 2. Raqia ruled over by Zachariel and Raphael; 3. Shehaqim, ruled over by Anahel and three subordinate sarim: Jagnieil, Rabacyel, and Dalquiel; 4. Machonon, ruled over by Michael; 5. Mathey, ruled over by Sandalphon; 6. Zebul, ruled over by Zachiel, assited by Zebul (by day) and Sabath (by night); 7. Araboth, ruled over by Cassiel.

    -angel of silence.

    Teiaiel (Isiaiel)
    -in the cabala, an angel that can foretell the future. He is a throne angel and controls maritime expeditions and commercial ventures.

    -in pseudo-Dionysian scheme, the thrones rank 3rd in the 1st triad of the celestial hierarchy. They reside in the 4th Heaven. The ruling prince of this angelic order is variously given as Oriphiel, Zabkiel, Zaphkiel. In Paradise Lost VI, 199, Milton speaks of "the Rebel Thrones." It is through the thrones, says Dionysius, that "God brings his justice to bear upon us."

    Uriel ("fire of God")
    -one of the leading angels in non canonical lore, and ranked variously as a seraph, cherub, regent of the sun, flame of God, angel of the presence, presides over Tartarus (Hades), archangel of salvation (as in II Esdras), etc.

    -a high order of angels placed usually 2nd or 3rd in the 2nd triad of the 9 choirs in the Dionysian scheme. In Hebrew lore the virtues are equated with the malakim or the trashishim. The principal duty of the virtues is to work miracles on earth. They are said to be the chief bestowers of grace and valor. Among the ruling princes of the order are Michael, Raphael, Barbiel, Uzziel, Peliel, and (originally) Satan.

    Yetsirah ("formation")
    -the world of formation (i.e., the world of angels formed from the emanations of God). In Jewish mysticism, yetsirah (or yetzirah) is the chief domain of the angels.

    Zaphkiel (Zaphchial, Zaphiel, Zophiel, etc.-"knowledge of God")
    -chief of the order of thrones and one of the 9 angels that rule Heaven; also one of the 7 archangels

    More links Angels A to Z

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