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    webmaster Administrator Staff Member

    Shaitan, who is called in some places, Melek Taus (The Peacock Angel), is a name that may be related to Al-Shaddai, as we shall see in another place.

    TAUS, too, may be a corruption of Tammuz, perhaps not in the Yezidi usage of the term, but in other locales. We read in Sir James G. Frazer's ADONIS, ATTIS, AND OSIRIS, Vol. I., Bk. I., page 230 ---

    "The character of Tammuz or Adonis as a corn-spirit comes out plainly in an account of his festival given by an Arabic writer of the tenth century. In describing the rites and sacrifices observed at the different seasons of the year by the heathen SYRIANS OF HARRAN, he says: 'TAMMUZ (July). In the middle of this month is the Festival of El-Bugat, that is, OF THE WEEPING WOMEN, and this is the TA-UZ Festival, which is celebrated in honour of the god TA-UZ. The women bewail him, because his lord slew him so cruelly, ground his bones in a mill, and then scattered them to the wind. The women (during this festival) eat nothing which has been ground in a mill, but limit their diet to steeped wheat, sweet vetches, dates, raisins, and the like.'"

    This may seem more fitting in our section on the Harranians, but the mention of the name TAUZ coincides with the name TAUS, as in Melek Taus, and this suggests to us a possible cross-penetration of cultures. Remember the Halaf culture at Ras-al-Ain had Tholoi (Beehive shaped huts), and Harran has many of these, enough to make them the most prominent feature of the area. We cannot say any more beyond this, because we do not know any other correlations between the two names. On the surface, they appear to be similar, but simultaneously they are different concepts.

    Whatever the case, it is clear that the most important activity in the preservation of ancient traditions, was preservation, i.e., survival, regardless of whoever happened to be ruling ideologically. If Christian, there were always Saints, like Thomas, which is a takeover of Tammuz. Interesting about this is that Thomas was an important personage in Edessa. It would be fitting that John the Baptist became the local saint of Harran, where Crassus was beheaded by the Harranians during a festival of Bacchus. If Islamic, pick an Imam, series of Prophets, and a Scripture, and post them in front of the shop, like the USDA label, and Hey-Presto!, you're saved!

    We do not belittle this practice, because it is a vital mechanism that has allowed ancient cultures and traditions to survive the long night of time, and many, many persecutions. This practice allows a group to maintain communication with the real ancestral spirits, ancient deities and angelic spirits, who really control society, even if the perception of them by the hives is clouded over by the acceptance of creeds and dogmas which fall ever so short from the measure of truth they claim to be.

    As far as the Tell-Halaf culture goes, that goes back to a description of a cave at Ras-al-Ain. It is said that Lady Drower came across a cave at Ras-al-Ain, which had very ancient bas reliefs, resembling Buddhist iconography, as well as Greek sculpture. One of the figures is said to have been a seated man, like the Buddha. It is also said that a game board was discovered, and there are examples of these game boards in Pritchard's The Ancient Near East: An Anthology of Texts and Pictures, fig. 45. (1958 edition). As to the kind of bas relief sculpture, from the Halaf culture, here is an example, from Georges Roux' Ancient Iraq:

    Quite an interesting grouping, considering some of our subject matter. A Snapshot of the Nephilim, perhaps?

    The next few sections may seem rather pedestrian to the purists, but they are the earliest sources for some of us, as far as material concerning the Yezidis. We do not consider Kenneth Grant to be an accurate source on this subject matter, because just about everything written by him on the Yezidis is wrong. And, by extension, the author of the introduction to the Simon Edition of the Necronomicon, is also wrong. LaVey is probably the closest to being reasonably correct, but that is probably because he was copying the works of writers like Seabrook and Isya Joseph. We cannot really let recent authors off the hook either, since they have their own flaws about whence things sprang, but that is for another place.

    Kenneth Grant, in ALEISTER CROWLEY AND THE HIDDEN GOD, pays lip service to the Yezidi. He urges that the Peacock Angel is identical to the Hawk of Gold, which is a symbol of Ra Hoor Khuit, the Horus of the Two Horizons. This very well could be a correct identification, or syncretization, since we find in Horus, or in some of the Horus divinities, an identification with Nergal. In Grant's glossary to the above mentioned work,

    "SHAITAN (Chaldaean): The god worshipped by the Yezidis in lower Mesopotamia, the ancient source of the Sumerian Tradition. The biblical version of this god as Satan is a degradation of the meaning of the Power which it originally represented and which Crowley made the central formula of his cult." -- p. 226.

    "YEZIDI -- The worshippers of Shaitan in Lower Mesopotamia. It was the Ancient Sumerian Tradition that Crowley restored in his cult of Shaitan - Aiwass, after ridding the Current of the life-negating qualities with which the intervening Aeon of Osiris (represented by Christianity) had infected it." -- p. 234.

    Lower Mesopotamia is in Mandaean territory, not Yezidi territory. Upper Mesopotamia is Yezidi territory, proper. The Mandaeans migrated north at least as far as Palmyra, before migrating south down the Euphrates to the Shatt-al-Arab region. It is an interesting note: During Bill Clinton's version of the Gulf War, around the time that The Templar Revelation came out in paperback, the two areas most hit and most devastated by the United States, were the two no-fly zone regions: The North, which would be in Kurdish or Yezidi territory, and the South, which would be in Mandaean territory. A mere coincidence? Who knows what we have to look forward to in the upcoming sequel!

    We have read elsewhere that the Yezidi (or some part of them) originally split off from the Mandaeans. This could have happened at the time they migrated north, before going south to the marshes. Certainly it is written that the Mandaeans were gifted silversmiths, and we have made note of silversmiths in the Mosul area.

    The NECRONOMICON is declared to be a survival of the infamous (so-called) "Black-Books" of the Yezidi. It certainly is one of the most efficacious Magical Grimoires we have run across. The proof is in the practice.

    "The phonetic similarity between Cutha and KUTU and Cthonic, as well as Cthuhlu, is striking. Judging by a Sumerian grammar at hand, the word KUTULU or CUTHALU (Lovecraft's CTHUHLU Sumerianized) would mean 'The Man of KUTU' (Cutha); The Man of the Underworld; Satan or Shaitan, as he is known to the Yezidis (whom Crowley considered to be the remnants of the Sumerian tradition)." -- Necronomicon, Intro, Section on Sumeria, p. xix.

    Could be. But as we found in Sitchin's writings, the word KUTU also means the Bright Uplands, i.e., the Gold Country where the Red Dirt is. Red Dirt is Arali. So either KUTULU Points to Oil, or he points to Gold. Either way, rather than being a pain god, in a painful pose, as Lovecraft depicts him, he is a most powerful shaman - warrior - chieftain, and a very ancient ancestor deity. Imagine using the Temples to the Underworld to contact the oil spirits. In California, particularly in the areas where there are oil wells, perhaps there should be shrines to Nergal, to Kutulu and other similar Deities of the Underworld. In the Gold Country, too, perhaps a shrine to the Man of the Bright Uplands is in order. Probably would keep the people who mate with their cousins who live in those back water areas... well, one gets the picture.

    Perhaps the Yezidis might not necessarily be offshoots of the Mandaeans at all, or if they are, that accounts for only a percentage of their descent. Perhaps they are the Harranians who resisted moving to Baghdad when the group led by Thabit ibn Qurra left for that city. Because, not only have the Yezidi been identified with the Sufis, they have also been confused with the Mandaeans. That's not all, however. Their rites have been described by Frazer as belonging to those of the Harranians.

    Yet it is true, that in the Magan Text narrative, is the following gem:

    From a Time before Time
    From a Land beyond the Stars
    From the Age when ANU walked the earth
    In company of the Bright Angels.
    We have survived the first War
    Between the Powers of the Gods
    And have seen the wrath of the Ancient Ones
    Dark Angels
    Vent upon the Earth
    We have survived the Age when ABSU ruled the Earth
    And the Power destroyed our generations.
    We have survived on tops of mountains
    And beneath the feet of mountains
    And have spoken with the Scorpions
    In allegiance and were betrayed.
    And TIAMAT has promised us nevermore to attack
    With water and with wind.
    But the Gods are forgetful.
    Beneath the Seas of NAR MATTARU
    Beneath the Seas of the Earth, NAR MATTARU
    Beneath the World lays sleeping
    The God of Anger, Dead but Dreaming
    The God CUTHALU, Dead but Dreaming!
    The Lord of KUR, calm but thunderous!
    The One-Eyed Sword, cold but burning!"

    -- Necronomicon, pp. 159-160. [When we cite the Necronomicon, we only cite the Avon edition, as the Turner edition is a mere impostor.]

    Notice in this passage, "In the company of Bright Angels." That could imply what the name Yezidi refers to. The Yezidi from what we gather, are an angelic cultus, the Angels being the Nephilim that we run into in the Book of Enoch. "We have survived on tops of mountains and beneath the feet of mountains" -- consider that the mountainous regions in Northern Iraq / Southern Turkey / North-Eastern Syria / Armenia, N. W. Iran, would facilitate such a statement. Indeed the first post-diluvial cultures in the region were cave communities such as that of Shanidar cave. The Barda-Balka culture goes back 120,000 years. The earliest strata of the Shanidar culture, also goes back that far. But, when the famous Deluge of History took place, circa 10,973 B. C. E., (rather than the 10,500 B. C. E. of the Hancock / Bauval crowd) Shanidar was still going. We recommend the work, Ancient Iraq, by Georges Roux. We have been informed that some of the finds in that place included burials of goats' heads with vulture wings, and that the early priests / shamans of the area wore vulture wings as a part of their uniform, and that this was to signify the appearance of the Nephilim, or the Angels. Did our Nephilim have wings, or does it signify that they flew?

    At any rate, the tops of mountains and beneath the feet of mountains gives us evidence of Yezidi culture, for there are shrines at the feet of mountains, in some of the Yezidi centres. Now are these people the followers of the Ancient Ones? If so, then is that so bad? Isn't it true, after all, that traditional family values, the perpetuation of lost, but fundamental truths, are to be considered as virtues by the people who condemn us and our kin for practicing Magick, Witchcraft, and the perpetuation of the oldest belief (and practice) system the world, and for that matter, the solar system, has ever known? Is it so bad to tap the primeval power that resides in the tectonic plates, in the gas-belts, in the atmosphere, in the vast reserves of oil and minerals that exist in and about our planet? Not as consumer goods to exploit and monopolize, mind you, but as vehicles of force, capable of performing a greater Magick than merely burning a wish scrawled on a piece of paper and given to the Priestess or Priest of the coven?

    At the opening of the Magan Text, in the Necronomicon, we find the following introductory remarks, which we quoted in our section on the Mandaeans:

    "The verses here following come from the secret text of some of the priests of a cult which is all that is left of the Old Faith that existed before Babylon was built, and it was originally in their tongue, but I have put it into the Golden Speech of my country so that you may understand it. I came upon this text in my early wanderings in the region of the Seven Fabled Cities of UR, which are no more, and it tells of the War between the Gods that took place in a time beyond the memory of Man. And the horrors and ugliness that the Priest will encounter in his Rites are herein described, and their reasons, and their natures, and Essences. And the Number of the Lines is Sacred, and the Words are Sacred, and are most potent charms against the Evil Ones. And surely some Magicians of the country do write them on parchment or clay, or on pottery, or in the air, that they might be efficacious thereby, and that the Gods will remember the words of the Covenant." -- Ibid., p. 153.

    This may actually not refer to some Lovecraftian cultus, which most people think of when they think of the Necronomicon. There might be something real here, not science fiction or horror fiction. When we consider the antiquity of the earliest cults of the Ancient Near East, we have to take items like the above quote seriously, because the sentiments expressed dovetail with what we can find in the archaeological material that shows up. The text which became the Necronomicon, whether it was created in the 1920s, 1930s, or in the 1970s, or whether it was in the possession of John Dee, or whether there was a personage such as Abdul Alhazred who was born at Sa'na in the Yemen (Saba), near Damcar, and ended up in Damascus in the 8th Century in order to write this down before taking the high kick-off... Or whether some mysterious personages appeared one day in the 1970s in New York City, and caused this book to be born based on some very old and arcane manuscripts written in Greek, there is something to this work that is Authentic. And while it may not directly reflect the ideas we see in the Yezidi cultus, it may actually be related to ancient worships that predate all the separate cults in the region, be they Yezidi, Mandaean, Nusairi, Druze, and any other which we do not know the names of. The ideas expressed in Magan are corrupted from the originals, but that in no way condemns them to the scrap heap. Look at the differences between the Hermetic tractates that are in the Nag Hammadi codices and the Hermetica brought to us 1100 years later by Marsilio Ficino. They are parts of the same works, but one is more refined than the other. Well, the Magan text is less refined probably due to natural circumstances, than the original clay tablets, but at the same time, it perhaps is telling a story that was left out of the Temple cults of the City-States.

    We country folk have a different way of pracketing richcraft than them thar city folk do!

    All that said, we are certainly not implying that the Necronomicon is a Yezidi scripture or Magick Book, but the lore it contains belongs to a Magical cultus. This we state, because we prefer to not create misunderstandings, because this is a living culture that is on the verge of extinction and is a very persecuted culture.

    Anton LaVey published an account of the Yezidis in The Satanic Rituals. This work is typically LaVey, the carnival barker for popularized Satanism. It is the first place we found information on the Yezidis (after Daraul's material on the Peacock Angel cult). The work as a whole is filled with half-truths, and boasts, and though we have enjoyed LaVey over the years, we must be aware of this fact. There are those who would tell us that it is better not to include the half-truths, and to stick with only the most authentic source materials, but we take what we can get, and see what we can do with it. Some of the materials can be confirmed, but not all of it. He produces an extract of the Al-Jilwah,, the Black Book, as the ritual included in the book. According to the primary non-Yezidi expert on the Yezidis, materials like this are a mixture of truth and falsehood, created to sell to Europeans with money. Perhaps. Perhaps not. We can see the validity of certain things in these narratives.

    According to LaVey:

    "From their mecca -- the tomb of their first leader, Sheik Adi -- situated on Mount Lalesh near the ancient city of Nineveh, the Yezidi empire stretched in an invisible band approximately three hundred miles wide to the Mediterranean junction of Turkey and Syria on one end, and the mountains of the Caucasus in Russia on the other. At intervals along this strip were seven towers -- the Towers of Satan (Ziarahs) -- six of them trapezoidal in form, and one, the 'center' on Mount Lalesh, shaped like a sharp, fluted point. Each tower was topped by a brilliant heliographic reflector, and was intended to serve as a 'power house' from whence a Satanic magician could beam his will to the 'descendants of Adam' and influence human events in the outside world.

    "Like the Watchers -- the fallen angels of the Book of Enoch -- the Yezidis claimed to be the descendants of Azazel. The Yezidis believed in a counterpart of the story of Lucifer, i.e., the manifestation of pride banished. Like the legendary lost tribes of Israel, the Yezidis broke away from their roots as a result of unresolved conflicts, and felt a strong justification and purpose because of their unique heritage, which theologically isolated them from all other peoples.

    "The Yezidis' legend of their origin is no longer fantastic, by scientific standards. It alludes to the creation of the first male and female of the tribe through the principles later set down by Paracelsus for the creation of a homunculus; viz., encapsulation of sperm in a container where it gestates and assumes a human embryonic form.

    "The Yezidi provided a link between Egypt, Eastern Europe and Tibet. The language of the Yezidis was Kurdish -- similar in sound to Enochian, the language supposedly spoken by the Watchers.

    "Shortly before Sheik Adi (full name: Saraf ad-Din Abu-l'Fadail, Adi ben Musafir ben Ismael ben Mousa ben Marwan ben Ali-Hassan ben Marwan) died in 1163, he dictated what was to become one of the most legendary manuscripts of all time -- the Al-Jilwah (revelations). The Al-Jilwah, combined with the Mashaf Res, which was compiled in the following century, became known as the Black Book -- the words spoken by Satan to his people. The Black Book not only contains the credo of the Yezidi, but their rites as well.

    "The Yezidis entered their temples through portals bearing the images of a lion, snake, double sided axe, man, comb, scissors, and mirror. The lion represented strength and dominion; the snake, procreation; the axe, potential for good or harm; the man, the god; and the comb, scissors and mirror represented pride. But greater as a symbol of pride, however, was the form taken by Satan in the Yezidi liturgy -- the peacock. Because they could not utter the name of Satan (Shaitan) for fear of persecution, the name Melek Taus (Peacock King) was used. So great was the risk of outside persecution, that even words that sounded vaguely like the name Satan were forbidden." -- The Satanic Rituals, pp. 151-153.

    He goes on to say that the Al-Jilwah extract that he relied on was the Isya Joseph version. When we make translations available of the materials in French that have come to our notice, Isya Joseph will assume more significance, since that was one of the early European translations that was available.

    The Isya Joseph materials are available from Kessingers. Lavey copied faithfully, all but a few items. For example, the preface to the Al-Jilwah is missing in Lavey's version, as well as several items which follow the main text of the same work, such as the Mishaf Resh.

    While a lot of the foregoing may seem fanciful and inaccurate, we must, at the same time, give the Devil his due, because LaVey was only taking information that was generally available at the time he wrote this. Until very recently, this is all that has generally been available to Westerners.

    The following is from the Al-Jilwah: [After La Vey, but with corrections and additions from the Isya Joseph Translation, and later versions shall include any other corrections we can find in French sources.]



    In the Name of the Most Compassionate God!

    With the help of the Most High God, and under his direction, we write the history of the Yezidis, their doctrines, and the mysteries of their religion, as contained in their books, which reached our hand with their own knowledge and consent.

    In the time of Al-Muktadir Billah, A. H., 295,[1] there lived Mansur al-Hallaj, [2] the wool-carder, and Sheikh 'Abd al-Kadir of Jilan[3]. At that time, too, there appeared a man by the name of Sheikh 'Adi, from the mountain of Hakkari[4], originally from the region of Aleppo or Baalbek. He came and dwelt in Mount Lalish[5], near the city of Mosul, about nine hours distant from it. Some say he was of the people of Harran, and related to Marwan ibn-al-Hakam. His full name is Saraf ad-Din Abu-l-Fadail, 'Adi bn Musafir bn Ismael bn Mousa bn Marwan bn Al-Hasan bn Marwan. He died A. H. 558 (A. D. 1162 - 63). His tomb is still visited; it is near Ba'adrei, one of the villages of Mosul, distant eleven hours. The Yezidis are the progeny of those who were the murids (disciples) of Sheikh 'Adi. Some trace their origin to Yezid[6], others to Hasan al-Basri[7].

    Isya Joseph's notes to his translation:

    [1] A. H. 295 (A. D. 807-8). This is the date of Al-Muktadir's accession, who reigned till A. H. 320 (A. D. 932); cf. W. Muir, The Caliphate, p. 559.

    [2] The life of Mansur-al-Hallaj is given in Fihrist (ed. Flugel), p. 190.

    [3] The life of 'Abd al-Kadir of Jilan is given in Jami's Nafahat (ed. Lee), p. 584.

    [4] The Hakkari country is a dependency of Mosul, and inhabited by Kurds and Nestorians; cf. p. 104. Ibn Haukal, Kitab-al-Masalik wal-Mamalik (ed. M. J. de Goeje). pp. 143ff.

    [5] Yakut, IV, 373, calls it Lailesh and says that Sheikh 'Adi lived there.

    [6] Presumably Yezid bn Mu'awiya, the second Caliph in the Omayyad dynasty, who reigned A. D. 680-83; cf. W. Muir, The Caliphate, p. 327.

    [7] The life of Hasan al-Basri is given in Ibn Hallikan. He is not to be identified with Hasan al-Basri (died 110 A. H.), who, according to Mohammedan tradition, first pointed the Koran text, with the assistance of Yahya bn Yamar.

    AL-JILWAH [The Revelation]

    Before all creation, this revelation was with Melek Taus, who sent Abd Taus to this world that he might separate truth known to his particular people. This was done, first of all, by means of oral tradition, and afterward by means of this book, Al-Jilwah, which the outsiders may neither read nor behold.


    I was, am now, and shall have no end. I exercise dominion over all creatures and over the affairs of all who are under the protection of my image. I am ever present to help all who trust in me and call upon me in time of need. There is no place in the universe that knows not my presence. I participate in all the affairs which those who are without call evil because their nature is not such that they approve. Every age has its own manager, who directs affairs according to my decrees. This office is changeable from generation to generation, that the ruler of this world and his chiefs may discharge the duties of their respective offices, every one in his own turn . I allow everyone to follow the dictates of his own nature, but he that opposes me will regret it sorely. No god has a right to interfere in my affairs, and I have made it an imperative rule that everyone shall refrain from worshiping all gods. All the books of those who are without are altered by them, and they have declined from them, although they were written by the prophets and the apostles. That there are interpolations is seen in the fact that each sect endeavors to prove that the others are wrong and to destroy their books.

    Truth and falsehood are known to me. When temptation comes, I give my covenant to him that trusts in me. Moreover, I give counsel to the skilled directors, for I have appointed them for periods that are known to me. I remember necessary affairs and execute them in due time. I teach and guide those who follow my instruction. If anyone obey me and conform to my commandments, he shall have joy, delight and comfort.


    I requite the descendants of Adam, and reward them with various rewards that I alone know. Moreover, power and dominion over all that is on earth, both that which is above and that which is beneath, are in my hand. I do not allow friendly association with other people, nor do I deprive them that are my own and obey me of anything that is good for them. I place my affairs in the hands of those whom I have tried and who are in accord with my desires. I appear in diverse manner to those who are faithful and under my command. I give and take away; I enrich and impoverish; I cause both happiness and misery. I do all this in keeping with the characteristics of each epoch. And none has a right to interfere with my management of affairs. Those who oppose me I afflict with disease, but my own shall not die like the sons of Adam that are without. None shall live longer in this world than the time set by me and if I so desire, I send a person a second or third time is this world or into some other by the transfer of will. [NOTE: Isya Joseph edition gives: by the transmigration of souls.]


    I lead to the straight path without a revealed book; I direct aright my beloved and my chosen ones by unseen means. All my teachings are easily applicable to all times and all conditions. Now the sons of Adam do not know the state of things that is to come. For this reason they fall into many errors. The beasts of the earth, the birds of the heaven, and the fish of the sea are all under the control of my hands. All treasure and hidden things are known to me, and as I desire, I take them from one and bestow them on another. I reveal my wonders to those who seek them, and in due time my miracles to those who receive them from me . But those who are without are my adversaries, hence they oppose me. Nor do they know that such a course is against their own interests, for might, wealth, and riches are in my hand, and I bestow them upon every worthy descendant of Adam. Thus, the government of the world, the transition of generations, and the changes of their directors are determined by me from the beginning.


    I will not give my rights to other gods. I have allowed the creation of four substances, four times, and four corners, because they are necessary things for creatures. The books of Jews, Christians, and Moslems, as those who are without, accept in a sense, so far as they agree with and conform to, my statutes. Whatsoever is contrary to these they have altered; do not accept it. Three things are against me, and I hate three things. But those who keep my secret shall receive the fulfillment of my promises. It is my desire that all my followers shall unite in a bond of unity, lest those who are without prevail against them. Now, then, all ye who have followed my commandments and my teachings, reject all the teachings and sayings of such as are without. I have not taught these teachings, nor do they proceed from me. O ye that have believed in me, honor my symbol and my image, for they remind you of me. Observe my laws and my statutes. Obey my servants and listen to whatever they may dictate to you of the hidden things.

    Final sentences from Isya Joseph:

    I have not taught these teachings, nor do they proceed from me. Do not mention my name nor my attributes, lest ye regret it; for ye do not know what those who are without may do.

    [CHAPTER V.]

    O ye that have believed in me, honor my symbol and my image, for they remind you of me. Observe my laws and my statutes. Obey my servants and listen to whatever they may dictate to you of the hidden things. Receive that that is dictated, and do not carry it before those who are without, Jews, Christians, Moslems, and others; for they know not the nature of my teaching. Do not give them your books, lest they alter them without your knowledge. Learn by heart the greater part of them, lest they be altered.

    Thus endeth the book of Al-Jilwah, which is followed by the book of Mashaf-Resh, i.e., the Black Book.

    Interesting that LaVey did such a sloppy edit job in places, particularly in the omission of most of the final chapter.

    Leading Yezidi scholar, Philip Kreyenbroek, states that these texts are not authentic, but compiled by someone with a knowledge of some of the lore. We first found the Al-Jilwah in LaVey's The Satanic Rituals. When we can obtain the materials that are available today and see what they contain, we shall analyze and compare them with the ancient history we are researching.

    Following the Al-Jilwah, is the Mishaf Resh, and then a lengthy commentary upon it (in the form of an appendix, not included here presently).

    This is the posting of an excerpt from the Mishaf Resh that is available generally on the Internet:

    Mishaf Resh

    From the Black Book

    In the beginning God created from his own precious soul a white pearl. And He created a bird called ANQR upon whose back He placed his pearl, and there He dwelt for forty thousand years. Then on the first, Sunday, He created an angel called ‘Izrâ´îl. He is Tâwûs Malâk (peacock angel), the chief of all. On Monday, He created the angel Dardâ´îl, who is sheikh. On Tuesday He created Ishrâfâ´îl, who is Sheikh Shams. On Wednesday He created Mikail who is Sheikh abû Bakr. On Thursday He created ‘Izrâ´îl, who is Sajâdin. On Friday He created Samnâ´îl, who is Nasir al-Din. On Saturday He created the angel Nûrâ´îl who is substitute of Malâk Tâwûs He made him head over them all. Then He created the form of the seven heavens, the earth, sun and moon. Fakhr al-Dîn created mankind, animals, birds and beasts in the pockets of the cloak. Then He brought him up from the pearl accompanied by angels. He gave a great shout before the pearl, after which it split into four pieces. He made water flow from its inside, and that water became the sea. The world was round with no separator. He created Jibrâ´îl after the image of a bird, in whose hands He placed the four corners of the earth. After that He created a ship in which He rode thirty thousand years after which He came and lived in Lâlish, and this is a name of a mountain. He lifted up His voice and the sea became solid and became the earth. They are still quivering. Then He commanded Jibrâ´î l to bring him two pieces of the white pearl. He placed one below the earth and the other He placed at the door of heaven. Then he placed in both of them the sun and the moon. From the scattered fragments of the white pearl He created the stars which He suspended in the sky for decoration. And He created fruit trees and plants on land and mountains to beautify the earth. And He created a throne upon a throne.

    Then the Great Lord said to the angels, "I want to create Adam and Eve and make them give rise to mankind. Of the seed of Adam there shall be born ------ and from him shall descend a people on the earth; then the people of ‘Izrâ´îl, that is to say Tâwûs Malâk, and these people are to be the Yezîdîs. Then He sent from Syria Sheikh ´Âdî ibn Musâfir. He came and lived in Lâlish. The Lord descended on the black mountain and gave a great shout thereby creating thirty thousand angels. He divided them into three groups. They worshipped Him from forty thousand years. He delivered them to the hands of Tâwûs Malâk who took them up to heaven. The Lord then descended on the Holy Land and ordered Jibrâ´îl to bring him dust from the four corners of the earth: dust, air, fire, and water. He created Adam and put in him a soul, out of His own might. Then He commanded Jibrâ´îl to put Adam in paradise, and ordered that he might eat from all the fruits of paradise. But He commanded that he should not eat wheat.

    A hundred years later Tâwûs Malâk said to God, "What is this? Adam and his offspring are going to be numerous." God said to him, "Into your hands I have given this matter to minister." Then he came to Adam and said, "Have you eaten wheat?" He said, "No, because God forbade me." He said to him, "Eat of it. Things will prove better than they are now." So he ate, and after he did eat Tâwûs Malâk caused his belly to become swollen. He put him out of paradise, left him alone, and went up to heaven. Adam suffered a great deal from the pain in his belly, for he had no outlet. Then God sent a bird which came and pecked an opening for him. Adam was relieved. Jibrâ´îl absented himself from him one hundred years, during which he became sorrowful and wept. Then God commanded and Jibrâ´îl came and created Eve from the left arm-pit of Adam, after which Tâwûs Malâk descended to earth for the sake of our created people. He set up for us kings other than those of the old Assyrians: Nasrûkh who is Nâsir al-Dîn; Kâmûsh who is Fakhr al-Dîn; Artimus who is the angel Shams al-Dîn. After that we had tw other kings: Shâbûr the first and the second. Their reign lasted one hundred and fifty years. From their offspring our princes have been descended until the present time. And we hated four kings.

    We have abjured the eating of lettuce for it is named after our prophetess, al-Khâsiyah. Also green beans and -------. We eat not fish. This is out of respect for Jonah, the prophet. Also we eat not gazelle, for it was the sheep of one of our prophets. The Sheikh and his discsiples eat not the flesh of the rooster. This is out of respect for the peacock. The peacock is one of the seven gods mentioned. His image is that of the rooster. Also the disciples of the sheikh eat not pumpkin.

    We are forbidden to urinate when standing up; nor are we allowed to put on our clothes when seated; nor are we allowed to use a water closet; nor to bathe in a bath room. We are not permitted to pronounce the word Satan, because it is the name of our God. Nor are we allowed to pronounce any other word that rhymes with it like "qîtân", "shatt" and "sharr". Also the word "cursed", "curse", "sole" and similar words are forbidden to be pronounced. Before the coming of Jesus to this world, our religion was called heathenism. Jews, Christians, and Moslems opposed our religion. Also the Persians opposed us. There was kings, Âhâb and Âm, that since he was from us they used to name the god Âhâb Ba´lzibûb, but now he is name Pir Bûb. Also we had a king in Babylon whose name was Bukhtnassar, and in Persia we had Ahshwawîrush, and in Constantinople we had Aghriqâlus. Before the creation of heaven and earth God dwelt upon the sea. He made for himself a ship and used to sail in the ------- of the seas for pleasure all by Himself. He ruled over them for one year. Afterwards He became angry at the pearl and kicked it with His foot. But what a marvel! For behold out of its roaring, mountains were hewn; and out of its thundering, hills were formed; and out of its smoke, the heavens took shape. Then God went up to Heaven and solidified it and established firmly without any pillars. He then came back to the earth, took a pen in His hand, and began to record the entire creation. Out of His essence and His light He made six gods. Their creation took place as one would light one candle from another. So the first god said to the next, "Behold, I have created heaven only. Ascend you to heaven and create something!" The latter ascended and the sun was formed. He said the same thing to the next, who obeyed; and the moon was formed. In the same manner did the fourth fashion the sky. And the fifth made al-Qaragh, that is, the morning star.

    The copying of this Jalwah, the Yezîdî book, took place in 1931, again 1946, and again 1997 e.v.

    Here is the version from Isya Joseph:

    Mashaf Res (The Black Book)

    In the beginning God created the White Pearl out of his most precious essence. He also created a bird named Angar. He placed the White Pearl on the back of the bird, and dwelt on it for forty thousand years. On the first day, Sunday, God created Melek Anzazil, and he is Ta'us Melek, the chief of all. On Monday he created Melek Dardael, and he is Sheikh Hasan. Tuesday he created Melek Israfel, and he is Sheikh Sams (ad-Din). Wednesday he created Melek Mihael, and he is Sheikh Abu Bakr. Thursday he created Melek Azrael, and he is Sajad-ad-Din. Friday he created Melek Semnael, and he is Nasir-ad-Din. Saturday he created Melek Nurael, and he is Yadin (Fahr-ad-Din). And he made Melek Ta'us ruler over all.

    After this God made the form of the seven heavens, the earth, the sun, and the moon. But Fahr-ad-Din created man and the animals, and birds and beasts. He put them all in pockets of cloth, and came out of the Pearl accompanied by the Angels. Then he shouted at the Pearl with a loud voice. Thereupon the White Pearl broke up into four pieces, and from its midst came out the water which became an ocean. The world was round, and was not divided. Then he created Gabriel and the image of the bird. He sent Gabriel to set the four corners. He also made a vessel and descended in it for thirty thousand years. After this he came and dwelt in Mount Lalish. Then he cried out at the world, and the sea became solidified and the land appeared, but it began to shake. At this time he commanded Gabriel to bring two pieces of the White Pearl; one he placed beneath the earth, the other stayed at the gate of heaven. He then placed in them the sun and the moon; and from the scattered pieces of the White Pearl he created the stars which he hung in heaven as ornaments. He also created fruit-bearing trees and plants and mountains for ornaments to the earth. He created the throne over the carpet. Then the Great God said: "O Angels, I will create Adam and Eve; and from the essence of Adam shall proceed Sehar bn Jebr, and of him a separate community shall appear upon the earth, that of Azazil, i.e., that of Melek Ta'us, which is the sect of the Yezidis. Then he sent Sheikh 'Adi bn Musafir from the land of Syria, and he came (and dwelt in Mount) Lalish. Then the Lord came down to the Black Mountain. Shouting, he created thirty thousand Meleks, and divided them into three divisions. They worshipped him for forty thousand years, when he delivered them to Melek Ta'us who went up with them to heaven. At this time the Lord came down to the Holy Land (al-Kuds), and commanded Gabriel to bring earth from the four corners of the world, earth, air, fire, and water. He created it and put it in the spirit of his own power, and called it Adam.

    Then he commanded Gabriel to escort Adam into Paradise, and to tell him that he could eat from all the trees but not of wheat. Here Adam remained for a hundred years. Thereupon, Melek Ta'us asked God how Adam could multiply and have descendants if he were forbidden to eat of the grain. God answered, "I have put the whole matter into thy hands." Thereupon Melek Ta'us visited Adam and said "Have you eaten of the grain?" He answered, "No, God forbade me." Melek Ta'us replied and said, "Eat of the grain and all shall go better with thee." Then Adam ate of the grain and immediately his belly was inflated. But Melek Ta'us drove him out of the garden, and leaving him, ascended into heaven. Now Adam was troubled because his belly was inflated, for he had no outlet. God therefore sent a bird to him which pecked at his anus and made an outlet, and Adam was relieved.

    Now Gabriel was away from Adam for a hundred years. And Adam was sad and weeping. Then God commanded Gabriel to create Eve from under the left shoulder of Adam. Now it came to pass, after the creation of Eve and of all the animals, that Adam and Eve quarrelled over the question whether the human race should be descended from him or her, for each wished to be the sole begetter of the race. This quarrel originated in their observation of the fact that among the animals both the male and the female were factors in the production of their respective species. After a long discussion Adam and Eve agreed on this: each should cast his seed into a jar, close it, and seal it with his own seal, and wait for nine months. When they opened the jars at the completion of this period, they found in Adam's jar two children, male and female. Now from these two our sect, the Yezidis, are descended. In Eve's jar they found naught but rotten worms emitting a foul odor. And God caused nipples to grow for Adam that he might suckle the children that proceeded from his jar. This is the reason why man has nipples.

    After this Adam knew Eve, and she bore two children, male and female; and from these the Jews, the Christians, the Moslems, and other nations and sects are descended. But our first fathers are Seth, Noah, and Enosh, the righteous ones, who were descended from Adam only.

    It came to pass that trouble arose between a man and his wife, resulting from the denial on the part of the woman that the man was her husband. The man persisted in his claim that she was his wife. The trouble between the two was settled, however, through one of the righteous men of our sect, who decreed that at every wedding a drum and a pipe should be played as a testimony to the fact that such a man and such a woman were married legally.

    Then Melek Ta'us came down to earth for our sect (i.e., the Yezidis), the created ones, and appointed kings for us, besides the kings of ancient Assyria, Nisroch, who is Nasir-ad-Din; Kamush, who is Melek Fahr-ad-Din, and Artamis, who is Melek Sams-(ad)-Din. After this we had two kings, Sabur (Sapor) First (224 - 272 A.D.) and Second (309 - 379), who reigned one hundred and fifty years; and our amirs down to the present day have been descended from their seed. But we hated four kings.

    Before Christ came into this world our religion was paganism. King Ahab was from among us. And the god of Ahab was Beelzebub. Nowadays we call him Pir Bub. We had a king in Babylon, whose name was Bahtnasar; another in Persia, whose name was Ahsuras; and still another in Constantinople, whose name was Agrikalus. The Jews, the Christians, the Moslems, and even the Persians, fought us: but they failed to subdue us, for in the strength of the Lord we prevailed against them. He teaches us the first and last science. And one of his teachings is:

    Before heaven and earth existed, God was on the sea, as we formerly wrote you. He made himself a vessel and travelled in it in kunsiniyat of the seas, thus enjoying himself in himself. He then created the White Pearl and ruled over it for forty years. Afterward, growing angry at the Pearl, he kicked it; and it was a great surprise to see the mountains formed out of its cry; the hills out of its wonders; the heavens out of its smoke. Then God ascended to heaven, solidified it, established it without pillars. He then spat upon the ground, and taking a pen in hand, began to write a narrative of all the creation.

    In the beginning he created six gods from himself and from his light, and their creation was as one lights a light from another light. And God said, "Now I have created the heavens; let some one of you go up and create something therein." Thereupon the second god ascended and created the sun; the third, the moon; the fourth, the vault of heaven; the fifth, the farg (i.e., the morning star); the sixth, paradise; the seventh, hell. We have already told you that after this they created Adam and Eve.

    And know that besides the flood of Noah, there was another flood in this world. Now our sect, the Yezidis, are descended from Na'umi, an honored person, king of peace. We call him Melek Miran. The other sects are descended from Ham, who despised his father. The ship rested at a village called 'Ain Sifni, distant from Mosul about five parasangs. The cause of the first flood was the mockery of those who were without, Jews, Christians, Moslems, and others descended from Adam and Eve. We, on the other hand, are descended from Adam only, as already indicated. This second flood came upon our sect, the Yezidis. As the water rose and the ship floated, it came above Mount Sinjar, where it ran aground and was pierced by a rock. The serpent twisted itself like a cake and stopped the hole. Then the ship moved on and rested on Mount Judie.
    Now the species of the serpent increased, and began to bite man and animal. It was finally caught and burned, and from its ashes fleas were created. From the time of the flood until now are seven thousand years. In every thousand years one of the seven gods descends to establish rules, statutes, and laws, after which he returns to his abode. While below, he sojourns with us, for we have every kind of holy places. This last time the god dwelt among us longer than any of the other gods who came before him. He confirmed the saints. He spoke in the Kurdish language. He also illuminated Mohammed, the prophet of the Ishmaelites, who had a servant named Mu'awiya. When God saw that Mohammed was not upright before him, he afflicted him with a headache. The prophet then asked his servant to shave his head, for Mu'awiya knew how to shave. He shaved his master in haste, and with some difficulty. As a result, he cut his head and made it bleed. Fearing that the blood might drop to the ground, Mu'awiya licked it with his tongue. Whereupon Mohammed asked, "What are you doing, Mu'awiya?" He replied, "I licked thy blood with my tongue, for I feared that it might drop to the ground." Then Mohammed said to him, "You have sinned, O Mu'awiya, you shall draw a nation after you. You shall oppose my sect." Mu'awiya answered and said, "Then I will not enter the world; I will not marry."

    It came to pass that after some time God sent scorpions upon Mu'awiya, which bit him, causing his face to break out with poison. Physicians urged him to marry lest he die. Hearing this, he consented. They brought him an old woman, eighty years of age, in order that no child might be born. Mu'awiya knew his wife, and in the morning she appeared a woman of twenty-five, by the power of the great God. And she conceived and bore our god Yezid. But the foreign sects, ignorant of this fact, say that our god came from heaven, dispised and driven out by the great God. For this reason they blaspheme him. In this they have erred. But we, the Yezidi sect, believe this not, for we know that he is one of the above-mentioned seven gods. We know the form of a cock which we possess. None of us is allowed to utter his name, nor anything that resembles it, such as ëeitân (Satan), kaitân (cord), ëar (evil), ëat (river), and the like. Nor do we pronounce mal'ûn (accursed), or la'anat (curse), or na'al (horseshoe), or any word that has a similar sound. All these are forbidden us out of respect for him. So hass (lettuce) is debarred. We do not eat it, for it sounds like the name of our prophetess Hassiah. Fish is prohibited, in honor of Jonah the prophet. Likewise deer, for deer are the sheep of one of our prophets. The peacock is forbidden to our Sheikh and his disciples, for the sake of our Ta'us. Squash is also debarred. It is forbidden to pass water while standing, or to dress up while sitting down, or to go to the toilet room, or to take a bath according to the custom of the people. Whosoever does contrary to this is an infidel. Now the other sects, Jews, Christians, Moslems, and others, know not these things, because they dislike Melek Ta'us. He, therefore, does not teach them, nor does he visit them. But he dwelt among us; he delivered to us the doctrines, the rules, and the traditions, all of which have become an inheritance, handed down from father to son. After this, Melek Ta'us returned to heaven.

    One of the seven gods made the sanjaks (standards) and gave them to Solomon the wise. After his death our kings received them. And when our god, the barbarian Yezid, was born, he received these sanjaks with great reverence, and bestowed them upon our sect. Moreover, he composed two songs in the Kurdish language to be sung before the sanjaks in this language, which is the most ancient and acceptable one. The meaning of the song is this:
    Hallelujah to the jealous God.

    As they sing it, they march before the sanjaks with timbrels and pipes. These sanjaks remain with our emir, who sits on the throne of Yezid. When these are sent away, the kawwals assemble with the emir, and the great general, the sheikh, who is the representative of Sheikh Nasir-ad-Din, i.e., Nisroch, god of the ancient Assyrians. They visit the sanjaks. Then they send each sanjak in care of a kawwal to its own place; one to Halataneye, one to Aleppo, one to Russia, and one to Sinjar. These sanjaks are given to four kawwals by contract. Before they are sent, they are brought to Sheikh 'Adi's tomb, where they are baptized amid great singing and dancing. After this each of the contractors takes a load of dust from Sheikh 'Adi's tomb. He fashions it into small balls, each about the size of a gall nut, and carries them along with the sanjaks to give them away as blessings. When he approaches a town, he sends a crier before him to prepare the people to accept the kawwal and his sanjak with respect and honor. All turn out in fine clothes, carrying incense. The women shout, and all together sing joyful songs. The kawwal is entertained by the people with whom he stops. The rest give him silver presents, everyone according to his means.

    Besides these four sanjaks, there are three others, seven in all. These three are kept in a sacred place for purposes of healing. Two of them, however, remain with Sheikh 'Adi, and the third remains in the village of Bahazanie, which is distant from Mosul about four hours. Every four months these kawwals travel about. One of them must travel in the province of the emir. They travel in a fixed order, differing each year. Every time he goes out, the traveler must cleanse himself with water made sour with summak (sumac) and anoint himself with an oil. He must also light a lamp at each idol that has a chamber. This is the law that pertains to the sanjaks.

    The first day of our new year is called the Sersâlie, i.e., the beginning of a year. It falls on the Wednesday of the first week in April. On that day there must be meat in every family. The wealthy must slaughter a lamb or an ox; the poor must kill a chicken or something else. These should be cooked on the night, the morning of which is Wednesday, New Year's day. With the break of day the food should be blessed. On the first day of the year alms should be given at tombs where the souls of the dead lie.

    Now the girls, large and small, are to gather from the fields flowers of every kind that have a reddish color. They are to make them into bundles, and, after keeping them three days, they are to hang them on the doors as a sign of the baptism of the people living in the houses. In the morning all doors will be seen well decorated with red lilies. But women are to feed the poor and needy who pass by and have no food; this is to be done at the graves. But as to the kawwals, they are to go around the tombs with timbrels, singing in the Kurdish language. For so doing they are entitled to money. On the above-mentioned day of Sersâlie no instruments of joy are to be played, because God is sitting on the throne (arranging decrees for the year), and commanding all the wise and the neighbors to come to him. And when he tells them that he will come down to earth with song and praise, all arise and rejoice before him and throw upon each the squash of the feast. Then God seals them with his own seal. And the great God gives a sealed decision to the god who is to come down. He, moreover, grants him power to do all things according to his own will. God prefers doing good and charity to fasting and praying. The worship of any idol, such as Seyed-ed-Din or Sheikh Shams is better than fasting. Some laymen is to give a banquet to a kochak after the fasting of the latter forty days, whether it be in summer or in winter. If he (the kochak) says this entertainment is an alms given to the sanjak, then he is not released from his fasting. When it comes to pass that the yearly tithe-gatherer finds that the people have not fully paid their tithes, he whips them till they become sick, and some even die. The people are to give the kochaks money to fight the Roman army, and thus save the sect (Yezidis) from the wrath of the man of the year.

    Every Friday a load of gifts is to be brought as an offering to an idol. At that time, a servant is to call the people aloud from the roof of a kochak's house, saying, it is the call of the prophet to a feast. All are to listen reverently and respectfully; and, on hearing it, every one is to kiss the ground and the stone on which he happens to lean.

    It is our law that no kawwal shall pass a razor over his face. Our law regarding marriage is that at the time of the wedding a loaf of bread shall be taken from the house of a kochak and be divided between the bride and the bridegroom, each to eat one-half. They may, however, eat some dust from Sheikh 'Adi's tomb instead of the bread for a blessing. Marriage in the month of April is forbidden, for it is the first month of the year. This rule, however, does not apply to kawwals; they may marry during this month. No layman is allowed to marry a kochak's daughter. Everyone is to take a wife from his own class. But our emir may have for a wife any one whom he pleases to love. A layman may marry between the ages of ten and eightyl he may take for a wife one woman after another for the period of one year. On her way to the house of the bridegroom, a bride must visit the shrine of every idol she may happen to pass; even if she pass a Christian church, she must do the same. On her arrival at the bridegroom's house, he must hit her with a small stone in token of the fact that she must be under his authority. Moreover, a loaf of bread must be broken over her head as a sign to her that she must love the poor and needy. No Yezidi may sleep with his wife on the night the morning of which is Wednesday, and the night the morning of which is Friday. Whosoever does contrary to this commandment is an infidel. If a man steal the wife of his neighbor, or his own former wife, or her sister or mother, he is not obliged to give her dowry, for she is the booty of his hand. Daughters may not inherit their father's wealth. A young lady may be sold as an acre of land is sold. If she refuses to be married, then she must redeem herself by paying her father a sum of money earned by her service and the labor of her hand.

    Here ends Kitab Resh, which is followed by several stories, some of which are told secretly, some openly.

    Between the Mishaf Resh and the Appendix, are: (1) The Poem in Praise of Sheikh 'Adi; (2) The Principal Prayer of the Yezidis; (3) Seven Classes of Yezidis; and (4) Articles of Faith.


    Peace Be unto Him

    My understanding surrounds the truth of things,
    And my truth is mixed up in me,
    And the truth of my descent is set forth by itself,
    And when it was known it was altogether in me.
    And all that are in the universe are under me,
    And all the habitable parts and deserts,
    And everything created is under me,
    And I am the ruling power preceding all that exists.
    And I am he that spoke a true saying,
    And I am the just judge and the ruler of the earth.
    And I am he that men worship in my glory,
    Coming to me and kissing my feet.
    And I am he that spread over the heavens their height.
    And I am he that cried in the beginning.
    And I am he that of myself revealeth all things,
    And I am he to whom came the book of good tidings
    From my Lord, who burneth the mountains.
    And I am he to whom all created men come
    In obedience to kiss my feet,
    I bring forth fruit from the first juice of my early youth
    By my presence, and turn toward me my disciples.
    And before this light the darkness of the morning
    cleared away.
    I guide him that asketh for guidance.
    I am he that caused Adam to dwell in Paradise
    And Nimrod to inhabit a hot burning fire.
    And I am he that guided Ahmed the Just,
    And let him into my path and way.
    And I am he unto whom all creatures
    Come for my good purposes and gifts.
    And I am he that visited all the heights,
    And goodness and charity proceed from my mercy.
    And I am he that made all hearts to fear
    My purpose, and they magnify the majesty and power
    of my awfulness.
    And I am he to whom the destroying lion came
    Raging, and I shouted against him and he became
    And I am he to whom the serpent came,
    And by my will I made him dust.
    And I am he that struck the rock and made it tremble,
    And made to burst from its side the sweetest of
    waters. [1]
    And I am he that sent down the certain truth;
    For me is the book that comforteth the oppressed.
    And I am he that judged justly,
    And when I judged it was my right
    And I am hee that made the springs [1] to give water,
    Sweeter and pleasanter than all waters.
    And I am he that caused it to appear in my mercy,
    And by my power I called it the pure.
    And I am he to whom the Lord of heaven hath said,
    Thou art the just Judge and Ruler of the earth.
    And I am he that disclosed some of my wonders,
    And some of my virtues are manifested in that which
    And I am he that caused the mountains to bow,
    To move under me and at my will. [2]
    And I am he before whose majesty the wild beasts
    They turned to me worshiping, and kissed my feet.
    And I am 'Adi ash-Shami, the son of Musafir.
    Verily the All-Merciful has assigned unto me names,
    The heavenly throne, and the seat, and the (seven)
    heavens, and the earth.
    In the secret of my knowledge there is no God but me.
    These things are subservient to my power.
    O mine enemies, why do you deny me?
    O men, deny me not, but submit.
    In the day of judgment you will be happy in meeting
    Who dies in my love, I will cast him
    In the midst of Paradise, by my will and pleasure;
    But he that dies unmindful of me
    Will be thrown into torture in misery and affliction.
    I say I am the only one and the exalted;
    I create and make rich those whom I will.
    Praise it to myself, for all things are by my will,
    And the universe is lighted by some of my gifts.
    I am the king that magnifies himself,
    And all the riches of creation are at my bidding.
    I have made known unto you, O people, some of my
    Who desireth me must forsake the world.
    And I can also speak the true saying,
    And the garden on high is for those who do my
    I sought the truth and became a confirming truth;
    And by the like truth shall they, like myself, possess
    the highest place.


    [1] That is the spring of Sheikh 'Adi.

    [2] The reference is to Jabal Maklub, which, according to the Yezidi belief, moved from its place near Lalish to enable every Yezidi, wherever he may be, to direct his morning prayers toward the tomb of 'Adi.


    Amen, Amen, Amen!
    Through the intermediation of Shams-ad-Din,
    Fahr ad-Din, Nasir-ad-Din,
    Sajad-ad-Din, Sheikh Shin (Husein),
    Sheikh Bakr, Kadir ar-Rahman.
    Lord, thou art gracious, thou art merciful;
    Thou art God, king of kings and lands,
    King of joy and happiness,
    King of good possession (eternal life).
    From eternity thou art eternal.
    Thou art the seat of luck (happiness) and life;
    Thou art lord of grace and good luck.
    Thou art king of jinns and human beings,
    King of the holy men (saints),
    Lord of terror and praise,
    The abode of religious duty and praise,
    Worthy of praise and thanks.
    Lord! Protector in journeys,
    Sovereign of the moon and of the darkness,
    God of the sun and of the fire,
    God of the great throne,
    Lord of goodness.
    Lord! No one knows how thou art.
    Thou hast no beauty; thou hast no height.
    Thou hast no going forth; thou hast no number.
    Lord! Judge of kings and beggars,
    Judge of society and of the world,
    Thou hast revealed the repentance of Adam.
    Lord, thou hast no house; thou hast no money;
    Thou hast no wings, hast no feathers;
    Thou hast no voice, thou hast no color.
    Thou hast made us lucky and satisfied.
    Thou hast created Jesus and Mary.
    Lord, thou art gracious,
    Merciful, faithful.
    Thou art Lord; I am nothingness.
    I am a fallen sinner,
    A sinner by thee remembered.
    Thou hast led us out of darkness into light.
    Lord! My sin and my guild,
    Taken them and remove them.
    O God, O God, O God, Amen!


    They are divided into seven classes, and each class has functions peculiar to itself that cannot be discharged by any of the other classes. They are:

    1. Sheikh. He is the servant of the tomb, and a descendant of Imam Hasan-al-Basri. No one can give a legal decision or sign any document except the Sheikh who is the servant of Sheikh 'Adi's tomb. He has a sign by which he is distinguished from others. The sign is a belt which he puts on his body, and net-like gloves, which resemble the halters of camels. If he goes among his people, they bow down and pay him their respects. The sheikhs sell a place in paradise to anyone who wishes to pay money.

    2. Emir. The emirship specifically belongs to the descendants of Yezid. They have a genealogical tree, preserved from their fathers and forefathers, which goes up to Yezid himself. The emirs have charge of the temporal and governmental affairs, and have the right to say, "Do this and do not that."

    3. Kawwal. He has charge of tambourines and flutes and religious hymns.

    4. Pir. To him appertain the conduct of fasts, the breaking of fasts, and hair-dressing.

    5. Kochak. To him appertain the duties of religious instruction, and sepulture, and interpretation of dreams, i.e., prophecy.

    6. Fakir. To him appertain the duties of instruction of boys and girls in playing on the tambourines, in dancing and religious pleasure. He serves Sheikh 'Adi.

    7. Mulla. To him appertain the duties of instructing children. He guards the books and the mysteries of religion and attends to the affairs of the sect.

  2. Anonymous

    Anonymous Guest

    These guys live in the ocean, so deep that the pressure will destroy any human being.
    And from within the earth where they cannot be reached by humans.
    Or the Demon bound in the Euphrates.

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